Backend is a very important term when we come across web development. Basically, backend web developers are the mastermind behind every possible technology. Have you ever thought about how a game works? How some MB apps like youtube can store very big video files. This is where the backend comes into play, making it all possible.
The backend is the server-side of the website. It stores and arranges data, and also make sure everything on the client-side of the website works fine(whenever you search on google it requests data from the server and shows you the result). It is the part of the website that you cannot see and interact with. It is the portion of software that does not come in direct contact with the users.
The parts and characteristics developed by backend designers are indirectly accessed by users through a front-end application. Activities, like writing APIs, creating libraries, and working with system components without user interfaces or even systems of scientific programming, are also included in the backend.
Best Backend languages for web deveopment
here are the best backend languages for web development
- C++: It is a general-purpose programming language and widely used nowadays for competitive programming. It is also used as a best backend languages for web deveopment.
- Python: Python is a programming language that lets you work quickly and integrate systems more efficiently.
- Java: Java is one of the most popular and widely used programming languages and platforms. It is highly scalable. Java components are easily available.
- PHP: PHP is a server-side scripting language designed specifically for web development. Since PHP code executed on the server-side, so it is called a server-side scripting language.
The list of back-end frameworks is Express, Django, Rails, Laravel, Spring, etc.
- Express: Express is a minimal and flexible Node.js web application framework that provides a robust set of features for web and mobile applications.
- Django: Django is a high-level Python web framework that encourages rapid development and clean, pragmatic design. Built by experienced developers, it takes care of much of the hassle of web development, so you can focus on writing your app without needing to reinvent the wheel. It’s free and open source.
- Rails: Ruby on Rails, or Rails, is a server-side web application framework written in Ruby under the MIT License. Rails is a model–view–controller framework, providing default structures for a database, a web service, and web pages.
- Laravel: Laravel is a free, open-source PHP web framework, created by Taylor Otwell and intended for the development of web applications following the model–view–controller architectural pattern and based on Symfony.
- Spring: The Spring Framework is an application framework and inversion of control container for the Java platform. The framework’s core features can be used by any Java application, but there are extensions for building web applications on top of the Java EE platform.