Before we discuss the best programming languages for web development we must know the meaning of web development.
What is Web development?
Web development is the building, creating, and maintenance of websites; it’s the work that happens behind the scenes to make a website look great, work fast and perform well with the best user-friendly experience. It includes aspects such as web design, web publishing, web programming, and database management
WEB: Refers to websites, web pages, or anything that works over the internet.
DEVELOPMENT: Creating the application from scratch.
Top Programming Languages for Web Development in 2021
Java is one of the most popular and widely used programming languages and plays a great role in the web development field. Java is a versatile OOP language used for Android development, as well as desktop and web application development. It is a platform-independent multi-purpose language used for programming and has been a popular choice of language in various organizations for decades.
Java is easy to learn and its syntax is simple and easy to understand. It is based on C++ (so easier for programmers who know C++). Java has removed many confusing and rarely-used features e.g. explicit pointers, operator overloading, etc.
- Platform independent
- Global users: 35.35%
- Architecture neutral
- High Performance
2. Java Script
- No need of compilers
- Used both Client and Server-side
- Helps to build a complete solution
- Global Users: 64.96%
- Numerous available resources
- Used everywhere .
- Huge community support
The term PHP is an acronym for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor. PHP is a server-side scripting language designed specifically for web development. PHP is one of the best programming languages for web development and web applications. It’s a dynamic, server-side scripting language that makes it really easy to create fully functional web applications.
The most popular web application software is made on PHP. It is both open-source and free, it’s readily available for anyone to start using. PHP is also relatively easy to start using, which makes it a great second step from HTML/CSS. And with plenty of simple documentation, your developers should be able to get up and running in no time.
- Easy to Learn
- Free of Cost
- Global Users: 21.98%
- Supports nearly all databases
- Huge Community Support
Python is a high-level, general-purpose, and very popular programming language. It is one of the most powerful and best multi-purpose languages used for Web Development, as well as data analysis. One of the major advantages of using Python for web development is its huge collection of standard libraries that make the work of developers comparatively easier and efficient.
the most important aspect of Python is that it offers dynamic typing capabilities, which allows developers to create very large and complex websites (where content must change constantly) far easier than it is with static typing languages.
- Easy to learn
- More Functions – Less Code
- Great Flexibility
- Global Users: 48.24%
- Best Frameworks
- Good visualizations
- tandard library and ecosystem
HTML and CSS are not really programming languages but they are the spinal cords for web development and every web developer must learn them.
- HTML(HyperText Markup Language) provides the structure
- CSS (Cascading Style Sheet)provides the style
Html/CSS provides a better look and more visually appealing. If you want to become a serious frontend developer then you must master these two in 2021.HTML helps you structure your page into elements such as paragraphs, sections, headings, and navigation bars. Using CSS we can set the color and background of your elements, as well as the typeface, margins, spacing, padding and so much more.
Ruby on Rails makes it much easier and more fun. It includes everything you need to build fantastic applications, and you can learn it with the support of our large, friendly community. It is really great for web development. Similar to PHP and Python, Ruby is also easy to learn and good for beginners. This particular language supports almost every major platform such as Windows, Mac, and Linux, and let us tell you this as well that Ruby is highly based on many other programming languages like Perl, Lisp, Eiffel, Ada, etc.
- Dynamic typing and Duck typing
- Large standard library
- Global Users: 6.75%
- Flexibility & Scalability
- Frameworks for Backend Web Development
- Automatic garbage collection